Commissioned by a group of Italian-Americans, this bronze bust of the Italian patriot, philosopher, and politician overlooks Sheep Meadow. Dedicated in 1878, the piece was created by Italian-born sculptor Giovanni Turini. Two Italian phrases are inscribed on the bust's granite pedestal, translating to "thought and action" and "God and the people."
Born in Genoa and trained as a lawyer, Mazzini worked for the unification of Italy during the mid-19th century, managing to influence political opinion even in exile.
In 1994, the Conservancy's conservation and preservation team restored and cleaned the sculpture.