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American Larch

American Larch Tree
The American larch, also known as the Eastern larch and the Tamarack, is, like its cousin the European larch, a beautiful deciduous conifer that drops its leaves in the fall after putting on a spectacular yellow display. The American larch was used in many ways by Native Americans and early industry, but has fallen out of favor with modern commercial industry. It is often used for bonsai.

Common Name: American Larch

Scientific Name: Larix laricina

Origin: North America

Family: Pinaceae

Size: 40 - 80' tall, 15 - 30' wide

Form: Conical crown

Culture: Thrives in full sun and moist, well drained soils; performs poorly in hot, humid summer conditions


Deciduous; soft and slender; three-angled; clustered on short spurs; needles occur singly on longer twigs


Male and female flowers in spring when the needles appear; male flowers are yellow-green, female flowers are red


0.12" seeds, 0.25" wing; small, upright cone that stays on the branch for one to two years


Smooth, light gray on young trunks; with age become rough with thin, reddish-brown scales