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Austrian Pine


Austrian Pine Tree
The Austrian pine – despite its name – is most widely found in Turkey, and even in small pockets of the Atlas Mountains in Africa. It was first introduced to the United States in 1759, and is widely planted because it is a beautiful, ornamental tree. It can tolerate many inhospitable situations, making it ideal for planting in urban environments, as a windbreak on open plains, and along coastlines to help secure sand dunes. The Austrian pine is no longer planted in Central Park because it is highly susceptible to a disease called Diplodia tip blight. In its place Central Park Conservancy plants a variety of species including Himalayan, white, and Korean pines.

Common Name: Austrian Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus nigra

Origin: Southern Europe; nearby Asia

Family: Pinaceae

Size: 50 - 70' tall, 20 - 40' wide

Form: Pyramidal and dense when young (to 30' tall), become flat-topped with age, spreading branches, umbrella-shaped

Culture: Relatively adaptable to most soils; fairly tolerant of heat, pollution, urban conditions, and salt; requires full sun

Leaves

4 - 6" long needles; persist three to four years in pairs; dark, army green

Flower

Yellowish male clusters, yellow-green female clusters

Fruit

2 - 3" long, 2" wide; cones shiny, yellow-brown; persist for two years

Bark

Dark brown, deep furrows, striking mature bark, thick, irregular, gray-brown to silvery plates