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Black Oak

Black Oak Tree
The black oak, along with the northern red oak, is one of the Park's native oaks. The black oak gets its name from the dark color of the mature tree's bark. While the outer bark is dark, the black oak's inner bark is yellowish-orange and was the source of a yellow dye made by European settlers in North America.

Common Name: Black Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus velutina

Origin: Eastern and central United States

Family: Fagaceae

Size: 50 - 60' tall

Form: Pyramidal when young, irregular spread

Culture: Thrives in full sun; prefers moist, rich well-drained acidic soil; dislikes being disturbed


Alternate arrangement; simple, with seven to nine lobes per leaf; shiny, dark green leaves


Messy, bloom in May


Elongated, egg-shaped acorns; bowl-like cap; in pairs or singly


Almost black, vertically deeply furrowed, young stems are pubescent, orange inner bark