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English Elm


English Elm Tree
Like the American elm, English elm populations in North America have been decimated by Dutch elm disease. Once the dominant tree of the English countryside, prime examples of the stately tree are now rare in England. The famed "Hangman's Tree" in Washington Square is an English elm. A variety of elms imported from Europe can be spotted throughout Central Park, including Wych, Dutch, and field elms. It can be difficult to differentiate between them for, even for the most practiced tree hugger, so take comfort in enjoying these survivors regardless of a concrete identification.

Common Name: English Elm

Scientific Name: Ulmus procera

Origin: Europe

Family: Ulmaceae

Size: 90 - 130' tall, 50' width, pyramidal/broad, wide/narrow, numerous branches covering trunk

Form: Erect or spreading, requires ample growing space

Culture: Full sun to part shade; moist soil; clay,loam, or sand soil; pH adaptable

Leaves

3 - 6" long; alternate arrangement; dark green; simple; doubly sharp, saw-like edges; oblique base; rough surface with pubescent underside; short petiole; no terminal bud

Flower

No ornamental value, bloom early spring

Fruit

0.5" diameter, rounded samaras notched at top, greenish yellow

Bark

Dark gray, furrowed