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European Linden

European Linden Tree
The European linden is a common street tree throughout New York City and Central Park. They are beautiful, stately trees, often overlooked as "just another tree." That is, until early summer, usually June, when the linden flowers bloom and their perfume fills the air with a sweet, honeyed perfume. All parts of the linden have been important to humans throughout history. The flowers produce pollen which makes a delicately flavored honey, and are used for herbal teas and tinctures. The wood is popular among carvers, marionette and puppet makers, and for use in musical instruments.

Common Name: European Linden

Scientific Name: Tilia x europaea

Origin: Europe

Family: Tiliaceae

Size: 70' tall

Form: Pyramidal

Culture: Full sun to light shade; prefers moist, fertile, deep soils; tolerant of difficult, dry, or heavy soils; easily transplanted


2 - 4" long, sharp toothed with long stalks, broad heart shape with oblique base, dark green top, paler underneath, hairless


Small, fragrant, pale yellow, bloom late June to early July


1/4" diameter, round, attached to long stem with irregular leaves


Gray-brown, distinctive ridges (long, flat-topped)