• Central Park Conservancy Logo
  • Official Caretakers of Central Park

European Linden


European Linden Tree
The European linden is a common street tree throughout New York City and Central Park. They are beautiful, stately trees, often overlooked as "just another tree." That is, until early summer, usually June, when the linden flowers bloom and their perfume fills the air with a sweet, honeyed perfume. All parts of the linden have been important to humans throughout history. The flowers produce pollen which makes a delicately flavored honey, and are used for herbal teas and tinctures. The wood is popular among carvers, marionette and puppet makers, and for use in musical instruments.

Common Name: European Linden

Scientific Name: Tilia x europaea

Origin: Europe

Family: Tiliaceae

Size: 70' tall

Form: Pyramidal

Culture: Full sun to light shade; prefers moist, fertile, deep soils; tolerant of difficult, dry, or heavy soils; easily transplanted

Leaves

2 - 4" long, sharp toothed with long stalks, broad heart shape with oblique base, dark green top, paler underneath, hairless

Flower

Small, fragrant, pale yellow, bloom late June to early July

Fruit

1/4" diameter, round, attached to long stem with irregular leaves

Bark

Gray-brown, distinctive ridges (long, flat-topped)