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Osage Orange


Osage Orange Tree
The osage orange grows to be all shapes and sizes, and they are scattered throughout Central Park. They can be found behind the Balto statue and near the West 100th Street entrance by the Pool. They feature very peculiar and distinctive fruit, and dark green leaves (that are paler underneath) that turn yellow in the fall.

Common Name: Osage Orange

Scientific Name: Maclura pomifera

Origin: Southern United States

Family: Moraceae

Size: 30' - 70' tall, 15' - 45' wide

Form: Round

Culture: Prefers full sun, tolerates many soil types

Leaves

2" - 5" long, ovate, not toothed, shiny

Flower

Dioecious, emerging with the leaf, very inconspicuous

Fruit

Spherical, semi-fleshy, pebbly, grapefruit-sized chartreuse hedge-apples

Bark

Shredding outer bark that is irregularly divided by deep furrows, dark orange inner bark, lemon-colored sapwood