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Scotch Pine

Scotch Pine Tree
The Scotch pine was one of the first trees introduced to the United States in the 17th century. It is still widely grown for Christmas trees, but is considered invasive in some parts of North America. The Scotch pine is one of the most widely distributed pines in the world. The many varieties of Scotch pine have great commercial value in a variety of industries, and are much beloved by many as ornamental landscape trees.

Common Name: Scotch Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus sylvestris

Origin: Europe, from Norway to Spain and parts of Asia

Family: Pinaceae

Size: 30 - 50' tall, with almost equal spread

Form: Conical shape when young, spreading with age

Culture: Thrives in full sun; prefers well-drained, acidic soil; wind resistant


Stiff, tooth-like, green to blue-green needles, two needles per bundle


No ornamental value


1 - 3" long, dull-brown cone, small, flat, held alone or in clusters of two or three, cones fall from tree at maturity


Gray-brown, peels to show a red-orange color (especially striking on the upper trunk and branches), new stems change green to brown, bark peels in thin scales (gives shedding appearance)