The Ramble Restoration

Ramble Summerhouse

Central Park co-designer Frederick Law Olmsted described the 36-acre Ramble as a “wild garden” intended to evoke a sense of intricacy and mystery. Winding and interlacing paths traversed the rugged topography and dense vegetation; rustic shelters provided shade and places to rest and take in the scenery; the Gill—a man-made watercourse—meandered downhill, traversed by several rustic bridges before ending in a small cascade and spilling into the Lake. For much of the 20th century, the Ramble suffered from management neglect resulting in landscape erosion, silting in the Gill, overgrowth with self-seeding and invasive species, and deterioration of paths, infrastructure, and rustic features. More recently, a number of severe weather events dramatically impacted the landscape.

The Conservancy restored the Ramble as part of a comprehensive, multi-year effort to renew and sustain the Park’s woodlands. Our approach to this restoration embraced two equally important and mutually reinforcing elements: the ecological value of the woodlands as a wildlife habitat and the cultural value of the Park as a scenic landmark.

The completed work includes rebuilding aging paths and infrastructure to support continued stewardship and increasing use; the horticultural and ecological restoration in connection with this work is focused on improving soils, removing invasive species, and re-establishing native plant communities. We also completed a restoration of the Gill, which involved deepening the watercourse by removing accumulated sediments, but varying its depth and planting aquatics to improve habitat complexity; rustic bridges and overlooks along the length of the Gill have also been restored.

The final phase of our work to restore the Ramble will be the restoration of its rustic structures and the reconstruction of three open-air shelters that once existed at high points in the landscape. This will provide more shaded seating in the area so visitors can rest and take in scenic views.

Only one of four rustic shelters that historically existed in the Ramble still remains today; the shelters were designed to harmonize with the landscape while providing places for visitors to rest and appreciate the views of surrounding scenery.

The existing summerhouse on the west side of the Ramble was last restored by the Conservancy in the early 1980s, and closely resembles the original structure with the exception of the shingle roof (added in the 1950s). It will be restored according to its original design, replacing the existing with rustic, unmilled timbers. The shelter is constructed of red cedar, as was typical of the Park’s more substantial rustic structures, and will be restored with the same.

In addition, three lost timber rustic shelters will be reconstructed according to their original designs, complete with railings, benches, and features with elaborate infill work. We’re excited to have them return to the Park:

  • The Belvedere Summerhouse: an elaborate rustic shelter that was located at the northwest corner of the Ramble, near the Belvedere
  • The Log Shelter: a shaded seat that was located at a high point on the east side of the Ramble, just north of the location of Loeb Boathouse today
  • The Umbrella Structure: a shaded seat that was situated on a rock outcrop at the south end of the Ramble, overlooking Bow Bridge.

Work on shelters will be the final phase of the comprehensive, multi-year effort to renew and sustain the Ramble.

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Project Status

Construction

Ramble Concrete Bridge Before Ramble Boulders Ramble Stone Crossing, After

Left to right: Concrete bridge built in the 1930s that replaced an original stone crossing over the Gill; workers disassembled boulders below the concrete bridge, which were later used to reconstruct the historic stone crossing; stone bridge after reconstruction.

Ramble Central Gill Ramble Gill Overlook, After Ramble Gill, After

Left to right: A newly constructed rustic bridge at Azalea Pond; Gill overlook, after reconstruction; the Gill, after restoration.

Ramble Summerhouse Historic Photo Ramble Summerhouse Drawing Ramble Summerhouse Site

Historic photo of the original Ramble Summerhouse; rendering of the rustic summerhouse that historically existed on at a scenic overlook in the Ramble; photo of the site of the historic summerhouse near the Belvedere.

Nearby Projects

Western Shore Boat Landing

Woodlands

Boat Landings Reconstruction

As part of our restoration of the Lake and the Ramble, we completed the reconstruction of five boat landings on the shoreline of the Lake. The new landings are faithful recreations of the Lake’s original boat landings, which had been constructed in the 19th century and removed throughout the 20th century due to deterioration.

Belvedere

Visitor Centers & Public Amenities

Belvedere Castle Restoration

Our restoration of Belvedere Castle addressed the overall condition of its structures and terraces, modernizing systems that support its preservation and use, and restoring lost aspects of the historic design. A future phase of this project will provide an accessible route to the Belvedere, one of the most popular destinations in the Park.

King Jagiello

Bridges, Monuments & Cultural Resources

King Jagiello Monument Conservation

Our conservation work on the bronze King Jagiello monument, located just east of Turtle Pond, focused on making necessary repairs to the statue’s internal mounting system and restoring the statue’s protective coating.