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King Jagiello

Feature/Facility

King Jagiello

This imposing statue portrays King Jagiello, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, who united Lithuania and Poland and became king after marrying the Queen of Poland in 1386. The monument depicts a victorious moment at the Battle of Grunwald of 1410.

Landforms: A History of Central Park’s Fort Landscape

Learn how natural features in Central Park's north end played an important role in shaping our City's – and our nation's – history.

Ludwig Von Beethoven

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Ludwig van Beethoven

The bronze bust of the legendary pianist and composer Ludwig van Beethoven joined the statues on the Mall in 1884. Beethoven is shown here with his signature mane of hair and brooding intensity. At the base stands a mythical figure holding a lyre, representing “The Genius of Music.”

Maine Monument

Feature/Facility

Maine Monument

Maine Monument honors the 260 American sailors of the USS Maine, which sank in Havana, Cuba in 1898. Atop the monument is a gilded bronze sculpture of Columbia Triumphant in a seashell chariot led by three hippocampi (half horse, half seahorse); it is said to be cast from the guns of the ill-fated ship.

McGowans Pass

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McGowan’s Pass

While today McGowan's Pass is marked only with two rock outcrops, more than 100 years ago it served as a site of military defense during the both Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

Mineral Springs

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Mineral Springs

In the 1800s, New Yorkers flocked to Mineral Springs to “take the waters,” believing that the natural spring waters north of Sheep Meadow could cure all manner of ailments. Calvert Vaux designed a Venetian-Moorish concession building complete with marble panels, flooring, and silver taps. It was demolished in the 1950s.

Named Gates

Feature/Facility

Named Gates

There are 20 original entrances to Central Park, each bearing an inscription so subtle visitors might miss it. These named gates honor groups of New Yorkers such as Scholars, Artisans, Merchants, and Artists—all the variety of hard-working people who make New York a world-class city.

A canon in the north end of Central Park

History buffs will love this tour Central Park’s north end, which played a key role in military strategy during both the American Revolution and the War of 1812.

Nutters Battery

Feature/Facility

Nutter's Battery

Nutter's Battery is an overlook with sweeping views across the landscape and the Harlem Meer. New Yorkers built a fortification here during the War of 1812, fearing a British attack. The fort itself is marked with a low wall, pavings, and plantings, all built to emphasize the rugged rock outcrop and scenic views.

Obelisk

Feature/Facility

Obelisk

The Obelisk, known by some as “Cleopatra's Needle,” has several superlatives to its name—including the oldest man-made object in Central Park, and the oldest outdoor monument in New York City. More than 3,000 years old, this timeless beauty towers 69 feet high and weighs a staggering 220 tons.