The European larch is a deciduous conifer, which means that unlike evergreen conifers, it drops its leaves in the fall. Before they fall, the European larch's leaves turn a brilliant yellow. The European larch has been present in Central Park since the 1860s. It is more successful in the Park than its native cousin, the American larch, which prefers cooler temperatures. The wood of the European larch is strong and resistant to rot, making it useful in many ways, including as the wood used in the pilings of Venice.