Landforms: A History of Central Park’s Fort Landscape

Learn how natural features in Central Park's north end played an important role in shaping our City's — and our nation's — history.

This exhibit reveals fascinating finds of archaeological and historical investigations conducted as part of the Central Park Conservancy's recent restoration of the Fort Landscape.

Exhibition Highlights

Geological Foundations

The topography of the present-day Fort Landscape was formed by a glacier that scraped Manhattan schist bedrock out of the earth millions of years ago. Try your hand at moving a glacier across Manhattan!

Military History

The Fort Landscape's high ground and expansive views made it an important strategic outlook while its rocky, swampy terrain made it difficult to infiltrate. The area was fortified by the British during the Revolutionary War and reused by the Americans during the War of 1812.

Establishing the Park and Restoring its Beauty

Central Park's designers recognized the scenic value of the area's geography, as well as the cultural importance of the historical events that took place there, and sought to integrate and preserve both. Carrying on their tradition, the Central Park Conservancy has worked to recreate historic features in the Fort Landscape for all to appreciate. Learn how we do it!


Open Daily, 10:00 am–5:00 pm

Group Resevation Info

Groups of 5-30 require a reservation. We cannot accommodate groups larger than 30 at this time.

Contact Information

For more information, contact the Charles A. Dana Discovery Center: 347-443-0656