Simón Bolívar

Simón Bolívar commemorates one of South America's great generals, known as El Liberator, for his successful revolutions against Spanish rule.

His leadership and military skill led to independence for six modern-day countries: Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, and Bolivia, which was named after him.

The current sculpture is not the first commemoration of Bolívar in Central Park. In 1891, there was a sculpture placed on a knoll near West 83rd Street, which was then nicknamed “Bolívar Hill.” It was criticized for its artistic qualities and the sculpture was removed by the Park Board. The current sculpture was created by Sally James Farnham, after winning a competition sponsored by the government of Venezuela (Bolívar’s birthplace), in 1916.

Simón Bolívar is part of a trio of equestrian statues at 59th Street and Sixth Avenue honoring great men of Latin America, alongside José de San Martín and José Julián Martí.