European Hornbeam

American hornbeams and European hornbeams were both planted early on in Central Park's history. The older, larger hornbeams tend to be European. To distinguish between the two, keep an eye out for the American hornbeam's striking yellow-orange foliage in the fall, a feature lacking in the European hornbeam. South of Glade Arch on the path to Alice in Wonderland, there is a large European hornbeam. There are many others throughout Central Park, including behind the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

  • Leaves

    Alternate, 2-4 inches long
  • Fruit

    Less than 1 inch nut
  • Flower

    Slender, hanging catkins, yellow-green, 1-2 inches long (male), leafy bracts, yellow green and 2-3 inches long (female)
  • Bark

    Smooth, greenish-gray

Where to find the European Hornbeam